/ Adhatoda vasica
Distributed throughout India, up to an altitude of 1,300 m.
Several alkaloids are present in the drug and its chief principle is a quinazoline alkaloid, vasicine. The leaves are rich in vitamin C and carotene and yield an essential oil.
The shrub is the source of the drug, vasaka, well known in indigenous systems of medicine for its beneficial effects, particularly in bronchitis. The leaves, flowers, fruits and roots are extensively used for treating cold, cough, whooping-cough, chronic bronchitis and asthma. It acts as a sedative-expectorant, antispasmodic and anthelmintic. The leaf-juice is stated to cure diarrhea, dysentery and glandular tumour, and, is given as an emmenagogue. The powder is reported to be used as a poultice on rheumatic joints, as a counter-irritant on inflammatory swellings, on fresh wounds, urticaria and in neuralgia.