Home Herbal Monograph Buddhist Bauhinia, Orchid Tree,Mountain Ebony


It grows throughout India, ascending to an altitude of 1,300 m in the Himalayas.

Morphology Description (Habit)

B.variegata is a medium-sized, deciduous tree. The bark is gray; the leaves are sub- coriaceous and deeply cordate; the flowers are variously colored and occur in few- flowered, lateral corymbs; the pods are long, hard, flat, glabrous, dehiscent and 10-15 seeded.

Principal Constituents

The seeds yield a fatty oil, the bark yields fibre. Five flavonoids isolated from the different organs of B.variegata were identified as quercetin, rutin, quercetrin, apigenin and apigenin 7-O-glucoside1.

The alcoholic extract of the stem bark showed central nervous system (CNS) stimulant activity. Besides producing hypothermia in mice, it also responded to amphetamine hyperactivity test2.


The bark is astringent, tonic and anthelmintic. It is useful in scrofula and skin diseases. It is also used for ulcers and leprosy. A decoction of the bark is taken for dysentery. The dried buds are used for diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhoids.

  1. El-Wahab, A et. al., Herba Hung., 1987, 26(1), 27-39.
  2. Bhakuni et. al., Ind. J. s Biol., 1969, 6,232.