Home Herbal Monograph Arjuna

Physicians in ancient India carried the impression that the bark of Arjuna had some special virtue in promoting the union of fractures and the dispersion of ecchymosis, when administered internally.

It grows in most parts of India and is also planted in many parts for shade and ornament.

Morphology Description (Habit)
T.arjuna is a large, evergreen tree, with a spreading crown and drooping branches. The stems are buttressed and often fluted; the bark is very thick, grey or pinkish green, smooth, exfoliating in large, thin, irregular sheets; the leaves are sub-opposite, oblong or elliptic, coriaceous, cordate; the flowers, in panicled spikes; the fruits are nearly glabrous, ovoid or ovoid-oblong, with 5-7 hard, winged angles.

Principal Constituents
ß-sitosterol, ellagic acid, and arjunic acid.

The bark is useful as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension and ischemic heart diseases, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, angina or myocardial infarction. The bark powder possesses diuretic, prostaglandin enhancing and coronary risk factor modulating properties. It apparently has a diuretic and a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of the liver.