Latin Name: Citrus limon Burm.f. (Linn.)
Sanskrit /Indian Name: Nimbaka
Lemon, used in many culinary preparations as a flavoring agent, is credited with medicinal benefits. Rich in vitamin C, citric acid and calcium, the fruit is a carminative and stomachic.
Lemons contain unique flavonoid compounds that have antibiotic, antioxidant and anticholera properties.
Therapeutic constituents:The important constituent of Lemon is the volatile oil (6-10%) which is useful in flavoring. The fruit contains flavonoids and limonoids. The flavonoids comprise three main groups—flavanones, flavones and 3-hydroxyflavylium (anthocyanins), which give the fruit its antiscorbutic, carminative, stomachic, antihistaminic and antibacterial properties. Lemon juice is a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin B1 and carotene.
Key therapeutic benefits:
- Due to its high vitamin C content, Lemons are effective in the treatment of scurvy.
- Lemon is also helpful in treating oral diseases like pyorrhoea and dental caries.
- Lemons are known to relive flatulence and improve appetite.
- Lemon is regarded as an excellent digestive and helps in dyspepsia, constipation and biliousness.
- Lemon is a natural deodorant, which also cleanses the skin.